Friday, February 18, 2011

2010 Census Figures and Legislative Redistricting

By Jessica R. Alexander, J.D., M.L.S., Reference Librarian

The Houston Chronicle annotates the release of the 2010 Federal census in its February 18, 2010 print edition, with its headline article,"Trends show Texas increasingly urban and Latino," by Jeannie Kever. The Houston Chronicle also provides an interactive map of the Texas census figures at

The apportionment of representatives from various counties in the Texas House of Representatives is prescribed by Texas Constitution Article 3, §§ 26, 27, and 28. These sections provide that apportionment is based on the most recent United States Census. Government Code § 2058.001 provides that no action can be taken by a governmental entity of Texas until September 1 of the year after the calendar year during which the census was taken. Important exceptions are set out in §2058.002 -- the Legislative Redistricting Board and a governing body elected from single-member districts may act before September 1 of 2011.
The website of the Legislative Redistricting Board has further information on redistricting and the role of the Board. Also see the website of the United States Census Bureau.